Journal Article
No. 2018-32 | May 22, 2018
Güven Sak, Timur Kaymaz, Omar Kadkoy and Murat Kenanoglu
Forced migrants: labour market integration and entrepreneurship
(Published in Global Solutions Paper)


In 2015, worldwide forced displacement was at its highest recorded level, surpassing 65 million. Out of this number, nearly 20 million people are those who fled their countries of origin to seek refuge in third countries. International responsibility sharing in terms of hosting the historical levels of refugee flows has so far been inadequate. Today, lower- and upper-middle income countries host 65 percent of the world’s refugees, mostly in urban settings. Whereas refugee camps provide access to basic needs such as shelter, food and healthcare, displaced individuals living in urban settings have to sustain their needs through their own means. In turn, this requires access to labor market.

JEL Classification:

J15, J61


Cite As

Güven Sak, Timur Kaymaz, Omar Kadkoy, and Murat Kenanoglu (2018). Forced migrants: labour market integration and entrepreneurship. Economics: The Open-Access, Open-Assessment E-Journal, 12 (2018-32): 1–13.

Comments and Questions

Anonymous - Overall topic
May 27, 2018 - 06:42
A novel work indeed, Congratulations to the authors !

Mehmet ÖZDEMİR - Visionary perspective indeed!
May 28, 2018 - 12:09
Proud to see such a scope that researchers have!