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Journal Article

No. 2009-17 | May 11, 2009
Macroeconomic Relaxation: Adjustment Processes of Hierarchical Economic Structures PDF Icon
(Published in Special Issue Reconstructing Macroeconomics)


We show how time-dependent macroeconomic response follows from microeconomic dynamics using linear response theory and a time-correlation formalism. This theory provides a straightforward approach to time-dependent macroeconomic model construction that preserves the heterogeneity and complex dynamics of microeconomic agents. We illustrate this approach by examining the relationship between output and demand as mediated by changes in unemployment, or Okun’s law. We also demonstrate that time dependence implies overshooting and how this formalism leads to a natural definition of economic friction.

JEL Classification

A12 C31 D50 E24 J21


Raymond J. Hawkins and Masanao Aoki (2009). Macroeconomic Relaxation: Adjustment Processes of Hierarchical Economic Structures. Economics: The Open-Access, Open-Assessment E-Journal, 3 (2009-17): 1—21.


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