Journal Article

No. 2014-41 | November 24, 2014
Values and Labor Force Participation in the Nordic Countries PDF Icon


The Nordic countries are known for their success in combining an extensive welfare state with high labor force participation. This is explained by the origins and organization of their welfare states, which can be traced to a set of values and beliefs that emphasize the right of women to participate in the labor market. These values are shared by individuals born in other European countries of Nordic parents and may have origins in the Nordic countries’ Lutheran heritage.

JEL Classification

J21 J22


Axel Hall and Gylfi Zoega (2014). Values and Labor Force Participation in the Nordic Countries. Economics: The Open-Access, Open-Assessment E-Journal, 8 (2014-41): 1—43.


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