Journal Article
No. 2009-25 | June 09, 2009
Christian Gollier
Should We Discount the Far-Distant Future at Its Lowest Possible Rate?
(Published in Discounting the Long-Run Future and Sustainable Development)


In this paper, we elaborate on an idea initially developed by Weitzman (1998) that justifies taking the lowest possible discount rate for far-distant future cash flows. His argument relies on the arbitrary assumption that when the future rate of return of capital (RRC) is uncertain, one should invest in any project with a positive expected net present value. We examine an economy with a risk-averse representative agent facing an uncertain evolution of the RRC. In this context, we characterize the socially efficient stochastic consumption path, which allows us in turn to use the Ramsey rule to characterize the term structure of socially efficient discount rates. We show that Weitzman’s claim is qualitatively correct if shocks on the RRC are persistent. On the contrary, in the absence of any serial correlation in the RRC, the term structure of discount rates should be flat.

JEL Classification:

E43, G12, Q51


Cite As

Christian Gollier (2009). Should We Discount the Far-Distant Future at Its Lowest Possible Rate? Economics: The Open-Access, Open-Assessment E-Journal, 3 (2009-25): 1–14.

Comments and Questions

Editorial Office - Response
September 22, 2009 - 12:50
A detailed response on this article has been published by Mark C. Freeman "Yes, We Should Discount the Far-Distant Future at Its Lowest Possible Rate: A Resolution of the Weitzman-Gollier Puzzle". See or the attached file

Szabolcs Szekeres - A subtle error with serious consequences
November 19, 2013 - 22:39 | Author's Homepage
Gollier writes in this article that "using the ENFV and ENPV approaches yield opposite results, except in the special case of certainty." It turns out, however, that Weitzman's very plausible looking expected discount factor formulation, on which this assertion is based, is wrong, and when it is corrected, the ENFV and ENPV approaches always lead to identical conclusions, even in the case of uncertain interest rates. The nature of the error and the interpretation of the true meaning of Weitzman's formula are described in