Journal Article

No. 2008-8 | March 14, 2008
A Model of an Optimum Currency Area PDF Icon


This paper develops a model of the circumstances under which it is beneficial to participate in a currency area. The proposed two-country monetary model of trade with nominal rigidities encompasses the real and monetary arguments suggested by the optimum currency area literature: correlation of real and monetary shocks, international factor mobility, fiscal adjust¬ment, openness, difference in national inflationary biases, and transactions costs. The effect of openness on the net benefits is ambiguous, contrary to the usual argument that more open economies are better candidates for a currency area. Also, prospective member countries do not necessarily agree on whether a given currency union should be created.

JEL Classification

E42 E52 E61 F02 F31 F33 F36 F4 H77 J61


Luca Antonio Ricci (2008). A Model of an Optimum Currency Area. Economics: The Open-Access, Open-Assessment E-Journal, 2 (2008-8): 1—31.


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