References for Journalarticle 2007-9

Please note: the authoritative source for references in this article is the according PDF file.

Number of references: 119

Ahumada, H., Alvaredo, F., Canavese, A., and Canavese, P. (2004). The Demand for Currency Approach and the Size of the Shadow Economy: A Critical Assessment. Delta Ecole. Normale Superieure, Paris, Discussion Paper.

Aigner, D., Schneider, F., and G., Damayanti (1988). Me and my Shadow: Estimating the Size of the US Hidden Economy from Time Series Data. In: Dynamic econometric modelling, ed. by W.A. Barnett and E.R. Berndt and H. White, pp. 224–243, Cambridge (Mass.): Cambridge University Press.

Alderslade, J., Talmage, J., and Freeman, Y. (2006). Measuring the Informal Economy: One Neighborhood at a Time. The Brooking Institution Metropolitan Policy Program, Discussion Paper.

Alexeev, M., and Pyle, W. (2003). A Note on Measuring the Unofficial Economy in the Former Soviet Republics -Super-1. The Economics of Transition, 11(1):153-175.

Alm, J., Martinez-Vazquez, J., and F., Schneider (2004). Sizing the Problem of the Hard-To-Tax. Georgia State University: USA., Working Paper.

Andreoni, J., Erard, B., and Feinstein, J. (1998). Tax Compliance. Journal of Economic Literature, 36(2):818-860.

B.Torgler, and Schneider, F. (2005). Attitudes Towards Paying Taxes in Austria: An Empirical Analysis. Empirica, 32(2):231-250.

Bajada, C., and F., Schneider (2005). Size, Causes and Consequences of the Underground Economy: An International Perspective. Aldershot (GB): Ashgate Publishing Company.

Belev, B. (2003). The Informal Economy in the EU Accession Countries: Size, Scope, Trends and Challenges to the Process of EU Enlargement. Center for Study of Democracy, Sofia.

Bhattacharyya, D.K. (1999). On the Economic Rationale of Estimating the Hidden Economy. Economic Journal, 109(456):F348-359.

Blades, D. (1982). The Hidden Economy and the National Accounts. OECD, Occasional Studies.

Breusch, Trevor (2005). Estimating the Underground Economy using MIMIC Models. EconWPA, Econometrics 0507003.

Breusch, T. (2005). The Canadian Underground Economy: An Examination of Giles and Tedds. Canadian Tax Journal, 53(2):367-391.

Brück, T., New, J.P., and Zimmermann, K.F. (2006). Creating Low Skilled Jobs by Subsidizing Market-contracted Household Work. Applied Economics, 38(8):899-911.

Buehn, A., Karmann, A., and F., Schneider (2009). Shadow Economy and Do-it-yourself Activities: The German Case. Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics, 165(4):701-722.

Buehn, A., and Schneider, F. (2009). Corruption and the Shadow Economy: A Structural Equation Model Approach. Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA), IZA Discussion Papers 4182.

Cagan, P. (1958). The Demand for Currency Relative to the Total Money Supply. Journal of Political Economy, 66(3):302-328.

Chen, M. (2004). Rethinking the Informal Economy: Linkages with the Formal Economy and the Formal Regulatory Environment. In: Paper presented at the EGDI-WIDR Conference ‘unleashing human potential: linking the informal and formal sectors, Helsinki, Finland.

Choi, J., and Thum, M. (2005). Corruption and the Shadow Economy. International Economic Review, 12(4):308-342.

Del'Anno, R. (2003). Estimating the Shadow Economy in Italy: a Structural Equation Approach. School of Economics and Management, University of Aarhus, Economics Working Papers 2003-7.

Dell’Anno, R., and Schneider, F. (2004). The Shadow Economy of Italy and other OECD Countries: What Do We Know? Linz: University of Linz, Department of Economics., Discussion Paper.

Del´Anno, R., and Schneider, F.G. (2006). Estimating the Underground Economy by Using MIMIC Models: A Response to T. Breusch´s Critique. Department of Economics, Johannes Kepler University Linz, Austria, Economics working papers 2006-07.

Del’Anno, R., and Schneider, F. (2009). A Complex Approach to Estimate the Shadow Economy: The Structural Equation Modelling. In: Coping with the Complexity of Economics, ed. by Marzia Faggini and Thomas Lux, pp. 110–130, Heidelberg: Springer Publ. Comp.

Dreher, A., Kotsogiannis, C., and McCorriston, S. (2004). Corruption Around The World: Evidence From A Structural Model. EconWPA, Public Economics 0406004.

Dreher, A., Kotsogiannis, C., and McCorriston, S. (2005). How do Institutions Affect Corruption and the Shadow Economy? EconWPA, Public Economics 0502012.

Dreher, A., and Siemers, L. (2005). The Intriguing Nexus between Corruption and Capital Account Restrictions. KOF Swiss Economic Institute, ETH Zurich, KOF Working papers 05-113.

Dreher, A., and Schneider, F.G. (2006). Corruption and the Shadow Economy: An Empirical Analysis. Department of Economics, Johannes Kepler University Linz, Austria, Economics working papers 2006-03.

Echazu, L., and Bose, P. (2008). Corruption, Centralization, and the Shadow Economy. Southern Economic Journal,, 75(2):524-537.

Enste, D., and Schneider, F. (2006). Wie groß ist die Schattenwirtschaft? Des Rätsels Lösung. Wirtschaftsdienst—Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftspolitik, 86(2):185-191.

F.Schneider, Chaudhuri, K., and Chatterjee, S. (2003). The Size and Development of the Indian Shadow Economy and a Comparison with other 18 Asian Countries: An Empirical Investigation. Department of Economics, Johannes Kepler University Linz, Austria, Economics working papers 2003-02.

Feige, E.L. (2005). A Re-Examination of the 'Underground Economy' in the United States; A Comment on Tanzi. EconWPA, Macroeconomics 0501021.

Feige, E.L. (2005). Overseas Holdings Of U.S.Currency And The Underground Economy. EconWPA, Macroeconomics 0501022.

Feld, L.P., and Frey, B.S. (2002). Trust Breeds Trust: How taxpayers Are Treated. Economics of Governance, 3(2):87-99.

Feld, L., and Frey, B. (2002). The Tax of Authority and the Taxpayer: And Exploratory Analysis. Unpublished.

Feld, L., and Larsen, C. (2005). Black Activities in Germany in 2001 and 2004: A Comparison Based on Survey Data. The Rockwool Foundation Research Unit, Copenhagen (DK).

Flaming, D., Hayolamak, B., and Jossart, P. (2005). Hopeful Workers, Marginal Jobs: LA’s Off-The-Books Labour Force. . Economic Roundtable, Los Angeles, CA.

Fleming, M.H.,, and Farrel, G. (2000). The Shadow Economy. Journal of International Affairs, 53(2):64-89.

Frey, B., and Pommerehne, W. (1982). Has the Shadow Economy Grown in Germany? An exploratory study. Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv, 118(4):499-524.

Frey, B.S., and Weck, H. (1983). Bureaucracy and the Shadow Economy: A Macro-Approach. In: Anatomy of Government Deficiencies, ed. by Horst Hanusch, pp. 89–109, Springer.

Frey, B., and Weck, H. (1983). Estimating the Shadow Economy: A ‘Naive’ Approach. Oxford Economic Papers, 34:23-44.

Frey, B.S., and Pommerehne, W.W. (1984). The Hidden Economy: State and Prospects for Measurement. Review of Income and Wealth, 30(1):1-23.

Frey, B.S., and Weck-Hanneman, H. (1984). The Hidden Economy as an 'Unobserved' Variable. European Economic Review, 26(1-2):33-53.

Frey, B. (1997). Not just for the Money: An Economic Theory of Personal Motivation. Cheltonham (UK): Edward Elgar.

Friedman, Eric, Johnson, Simon, Kaufmann, Daniel, and Zoido-Lobaton, Pablo (2000). Dodging the Grabbing Hand: the Determinants of Unofficial Activity in 69 Countries. Journal of Public Economics, 76(3):459-493.

Garcia, G. (1978). The Currency Ratio and the Subterranean Economy. Financial Analysts Journal, 69(1):64-66.

Gerxhani, K. (2004). The Informal Sector in Developed and Less Developed Countries: A Literature Survey. Public Choice, 120(3_4):267-300.

Giles, D.E.A. (1997). Testing for Asymmetry in the Measured and Underground Business Cycles in New Zealand. The Economic Record, 73(222):225-32.

Giles, D.E.A. (1997). Causality between the Measured and Underground Economies in New Zealand. Applied Economics Letters, 4(1):63-67.

Giles, D.E.A. (1999). Measuring the Hidden Economy: Implications for Econometric Modelling. Economic Journal, 109(456):F370-80.

Giles, D.E.A. (1999). Modelling the hidden economy and the tax-gap in New Zealand. Empirical Economics, 24(4):621-640.

Giles, D.E.A. (1999). The Rise and Fall of the New Zealand Underground Economy: Are the Responses Symmetric? Applied Economics Letters, 6(3):185-89.

Giles, D.E.A., Tedds, L.M., and Werkneh, G. (2002). The Canadian Underground and Measured Economies: Granger Causality Results. Applied Economics, 34(18):2347-2352.

Giles, D.E.A.., and Tedds, L. (2002). Taxes and the Canadian Underground Economy. Canadian Tax Foundation, Toronto/Ontario, Canadian Tax Paper n°106.

Helberger, C., and Knepel, H. (1988). How Big is the Shadow Economy? : A Re-analysis of the Unobserved-variable Approach of B.S. Frey and H. Weck-Hannemann. European Economic Review, 32(4):965-976.

Hill, R., and Kabir, M. (1996). Tax Rates, the Tax Mix, and the Growth of the Underground Economy in Canada: What Can We Infer? Canadian Tax Journal/ Revue Fiscale Canadienne, 44(6):1552-1583.

Hindriks, J., Keen, M., and Muthoo, A. (1999). Corruption, Extortion and Evasion. Journal of Public Economics, 74(3):395-430.

IRS (1979). Estimates of Income Unreported on Individual Tax Reforms. Internal revenue service, U.S. Department of the Treasury.

IRS (1983). Income Tax Compliance Research: Estimates for 1973–81. Internal revenue service, U.S. Department of the Treasury.

Isachsen, A.J., and Strom, S. (1985). The Size and Growth of the Hidden Economy in Norway. Review of Income and Wealth, 31(1):21-38.

Janisch, U., and Brümmerhoff, D. (2004). Möglichkeiten und Grenzen der Schätzung der Schattenwirtschaft – Eine kritische Auseinandersetzung mit den Schätzergebnissen der Bargeldmethode nach Schneider –. University of Rostock, Institute of Economics, Germany, Thuenen-Series of Applied Economic Theory 43-2.

Johnson, S.,, and Shleifer, A. (1997). The Unofficial Economy in Transition. Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, .

Johnson, S., Kaufmann, D., and Zoido-Lobaton, P. (1998). Regulatory Discretion and the Unofficial Economy. American Economic Review, 88(2):387-92.

Johnson, S., Kaufmann, D., and Zoido-Lobaton, P. (1999). Corruption, Public Finances, and the Unofficial Economy. The World Bank, Policy Research Working Paper Series 2169.

Karmann, A. (1986). Monetäre Ansätze zur Erfassung der Schattenwirtschaft: Ein Vergleich verschiedener Messansätze. Kredit und Kapitel, 19(3):233-247.

Karmann, A. (1990). Schattenwirtschaft und ihre Ursachen: Eine empirische Analyse zur Schwarzwirtschaft und Selbstversorgung in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Zeitschrift für Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaften (ZWS), 110(3):185-206.

Kaufmann, D., and Kaliberda, A. (1996). Integrating the Unofficial Economy into the Dynamics of Post Socialist Economies: A framework of Analyses and Evidence. In: Economic Transition in Russia and the New States of Eurasia, ed. by B. Kaminski, M.E. Sharpe, London.

Kazemier, B. (2005). Monitorying the Underground Labour Market: What Surveys Can Do. Statistics Netherlands, Voorburg, Netherlands, Discussion Paper.

Kazemier, B. (2005). The Undergroud Economy: A Survey of Methods and Estimates. Statistics Netherlands, Voorburg, Netherlands, Discussion Paper.

Kirchgaessner, G. (1983). Size and Development of the West German Shadow Economy, 1955–1980. Zeitschrift für die gesamte Staatswissenschaft, 139(2):197-214.

Kirchgaessner, G. (1984). Verfahren zur Erfassung des in der Schattenwirtschaft erarbeiteten Sozialprodukts. Allgemeines Statistisches Archiv, 68(4):378-405.

Kirchler, E., Maciejovsky, B., and Schneider, F. (2003). Everyday Representations of Tax Avoidance, Tax Evasion, and Tax Flight: Do Legal Differences Matter? Journal of Economic Psychology, 24(4):535-553.

Klovland, J.T. (1984). Tax Evasion and the Demand for Currency in Norway and Sweden. Is There a Hidden Relationship? Scandinavian Journal of Economics, 86(4):423-39.

Lackó, M. (2000). Hidden Economy - an Unknown Quantity? Comparative Analysis of Hidden Economies in Transition Countries, 1989-95. The Economics of Transition, 8(1):117-149.

Lippert, O., and Walker, M. (1997). The Underground Economy: Global Evidences of its Size and Impact. Vancouver, B.C.: The Frazer Institute.

Lizzeri, C. (1979). Mezzogiorno in Controluce. Enel, Naples.

Loayza, N.V. (1996). The Economics of the Informal Sector: a Simple Model and Some Empirical Evidence from Latin America. Carnegie-Rochester Conference Series on Public Policy, 45(1):129-162.

Marcelli, E.A.,, and Joassart, P.M. (1999). Estimating the Effects of Informal Economic Activity: Evidence from Los Angeles County. Journal of Economic Issues, 33(3):579-607.

Marcelli, E. (2004). Unauthorized Mexican Immigration, Day Labour and other Lower-wage Informal Employment in California. Regional Studies, 38(1):1-13.

Mummert, A., and Schneider, F. (2001). The German Shadow Economy: Parted in a United Germany? Finanzarchiv: Public Finance Analysis, 58(3):260-285.

Méon, P.-G., and Sekkat, K. (2004). Does the Quality of Institutions Limit the MENA's Integration in the World Economy? The World Economy, 27(9):1475-1498.

Park, T. (1979). Reconciliation between Personal Income and Taxable Income. Washington D.C.: Bureau of Economic Analysis.

Pedersen, S. (2003). The Shadow Economy in Germany, Great Britain and Scandinavia: A Measurement Based on Questionnaire Service. The Rockwoll Foundation Research Unit, Copenhagen, Study 10.

Pickhardt, M., and Sardà-Pons, J. (2006). Size and Scope of the Underground Economy in Germany. Applied Economics, 38(14):1707-1713.

Pozo, S. (1996). Exploring the Underground Economy: Studies of Illegal and Unreported Activity. Michigan: W.E. Upjohn, Institute for Employment Research.

Rogoff, K. (1998). Blessing or Curse? Foreign and Underground Demand for Euro Notes. Economic Policy, 13(26):261-303.

Schneider, F. (1986). Estimating the Size of the Danish Shadow Economy Using the Currency Demand Approach: An Attempt. Scandinavian Journal of Economics, 88(4):643-68.

Schneider, F., Hofreither, M.F., and Neck, R. (1989). The Consequences of a Changing Shadow Economy for the Official Economy: Some Empirical Results for Austria. In: Boes, D. and B. Felderer (eds.), The Political Economy of Progressive Taxation,, pp. 181–211, Heidelberg: Springer Publishing Company.

Schneider, F.and (1992). The Shadow Economy: Theoretical Approaches, Empirical Studies, and Political Implications. Cambridge (UK): Cambridge University Press.

Schneider, F. (1994). Measuring the Size and Development of the Shadow Economy. Can the Causes be Found and the Obstacles be Overcome? In: Essays on Economic Psychology, ed. by Brandstaetter, H. and Güth, W. (eds.). Heidelberg: Springer Publishing Company, chap. Measuring the Size and Development of the Shadow Economy. Can the Causes be Found and the Obstacles be Overcome?, pp. 193-212.

Schneider, F. (1994). Can the Shadow Economy be Reduced through Major Tax Reforms? An Empirical Investigation for Austria. .Supplement to Public Finance/ Finances Publiques, 49:137-152.

Schneider, F. (1997). The Shadow Economies of Western Europe. Journal of the Institute of Economic Affairs, 17(3):42-48.

Schneider, F. (1998). Stellt das Anwachsen der Schwarzarbeit eine wirtschaftspolitische Herausforderung dar? Einige Gedanken aus volkswirtschaftlicher Sicht. Mitteilungen des Instituts für angewandte Wirtschaftsforschung (IAW), 1/98:4-13.

Schneider, F. (1998). Further Empirical Results of the Size of the Shadow Economy of 17 OECD-Countries over Time. Paper to be presented at the 54. Congress of the IIPF Cordowa, Argentina and discussion paper, Department of Economics, University of Linz, Linz, Austria, discussion paper.

Schneider, F., and Enste, D.H. (2000). Shadow Economies: Size, Causes, and Consequences. Journal of Economic Literature, 38(1):77-114.

Schneider, F. (2003). The Shadow Economy. In: Encyclopedia of Public Choice, ed. by C.K. Rowley and F. Schneider, Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Schneider, F., and Bajada, C. (2003). The Size and Development of the Shadow Economies in the Asia-Pacific. Department of Economics, Johannes Kepler University Linz, Austria, Economics working papers 2003-01.

Schneider, F. (2004). Arbeit im Schatten: Wo Deutschlands Wirtschaft wirklich wächst. Wiesbaden: Gabler Verlag.

Schneider, F. (2005). Shadow Economies around the World: What Do We Really Know? European Journal of Political Economy, 21(3):598-642.

Schneider, F. (2007). Shadow Economies and Corruption all Over the World: New Estimates for 145 Countries. Economics, .

Smith, P. (1994). Assessing the Size of the Underground Economy: The Statistics Canada Perspectives. Canadian Economic Observer, Catalogue – at 3.18.Spiro, Peter S. (1993): “Evidence of a Post-GST Increase in the Underground Economy;” Canadian Tax Journal/ Revue Fiscale Canadienne, , 41(2): 247–258. No.: 11-010.

Tanzi, V. (1980). The Underground Economy in the United States: Estimates and Implications. Banca Nazionale del Lavoro.

Tanzi, V. (1982). A Second (and more Skeptical) Look at the Underground Economy in the United States. In: The Underground Economy in the United States and Abroad, ed. by Tanzi, V. (ed.). Lexington (Mass.): Lexington, chap. A Second (and more Skeptical) Look at the Underground Economy in the United States, pp. 38-56.

Tanzi, V. (1982). The Underground Economy in the United States and Abroad. Lexington (Mass.): Lexington.

Tanzi, V. (1983). The Underground Economy in the United States: Annual Estimates, 1930–1980. IMF-Staff Papers, 30(2):283-305.

Tanzi, V. (1999). Uses and Abuses of Estimates of the Underground Economy. Economic Journal, 109(456):F338-347.

Thomas, J.J. (1992). Informal Economic Activity. In: LSE, Handbooks in Economics, London: Harvester Wheatsheaf.

Thomas, J. (1992). The Underground Economy in the United States: A Comment on Tanzi. IMF-Staff Papers, 33(4):782-789.

Thomas, J. (1999). Quantifying the Black Economy: 'Measurement without Theory' Yet Again? Economic Journal, 109(456):F381-89.

Weck, H. (1983). Schattenwirtschaft: Eine Möglichkeit zur Einschränkung der öffentlichen Verwaltung? Eine ökonomische Analyze. Bern-Frankfurt.

Williams, C.C., and Windebank, J. (1995). Black Market Work in the European Community: Peripheral Work for Peripheral Localities? International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 19(1):23-39.

Williams, C.C., and Windebank, J. (1998). Informal Employment in the Advanced Economies: Implication for Work and Welfare. Routledge, London.

Williams, C.C., and Windebank, J. (2001). Reconceptualizing Paid Informal Exchance: Some Lessons from English Cities. Environment and Planning, a33(1):121-140.

Williams, C.C., and Windebank, J. (2001). Beyond Profit Motivated Exchange: Some Lessons from the Study of Paid Informal Work. European Urban and Regional Studies, 8(1):49-61.

Williams, C.C. (2004). Geographical Variations in the Nature of Undecleared Work. Geographisca Analer, 86(b3):187-200.

Williams, C.C. (2004). Cash-In-Hand Work: The Underground Sector and the Hidden Economy of Favours. Haunddemills/Hampshire (GB), Palgrave McMillan Publishing Company.

Williams, C. (2005). Fostering community engagement and tackling undeclared work: the case for an evidence-based 'joined-up' Public Policy Approach. Regional Studies, 39(8):1145-1155.

Williams, C.C. (2005). Small Business and the Informal Economy: Making the Transition to the Informal Economy—The Evidence Base. Small Business Service, London.

Williams, C.C. (2006). What is to be Done about Undecleared Work? Evaluating the policy options. Policy and Politics, 34(1):91-113.

Zilberfarb, B.-Z. (1986). Estimates of the Underground Economy in the United States, 1930–80. IMF-Staff Papers, 33(4):790-798.