Discussion Paper

No. 2018-74 | October 10, 2018
Leisure time and labor productivity: a new economic view rooted from sociological perspective


Most economists measure labor productivity based on activities conducted at places of work and do not consider leisure time in their calculations. In contrast, psychologists and sociologists argue that leisure has a positive role in the production process: leisure can improve individuals’ labor productivity by affecting their self-development. Using empirical data from 21 OECD countries, this study finds that leisure time has a dual effect on labor productivity in terms of per capita per hour GDP. Moreover, leisure time is nonlinearly associated with labor productivity (inverted U-shaped). When leisure time reaches the optimal level (5813 hours), leisure has a compensatory effect on work and can positively influence labor productivity, but when leisure time exceeds the optimal value, leisure has a substitution effect on work and can negatively influence labor productivity.

JEL Classification:

D24, D61


  • Downloads: 391


Cite As

Dan Cui, Xiang Wei, Dianting Wu, Nana Cui, and Peter Nijkamp (2018). Leisure time and labor productivity: a new economic view rooted from sociological perspective. Economics Discussion Papers, No 2018-74, Kiel Institute for the World Economy. http://www.economics-ejournal.org/economics/discussionpapers/2018-74

Comments and Questions

Anonymous - Referee Report 1
November 01, 2018 - 08:45

see attached file

Dan Cui - Reply to Referee Report 1
November 12, 2018 - 10:39

Letter to editor and reviewer(see attached file)

Dan Cui - Revised Version
November 12, 2018 - 10:40

see attached file