Discussion Paper

No. 2018-36 | May 04, 2018
Temporary exports and characteristics of destination countries: first evidence from German transaction data


This paper uses information on all export transactions of goods by German firms with countries outside the European Union from 2009 to 2014 to document for the first time the patterns of export participation at the firm-good-destination level over time and to investigate the link between the duration of export patterns and characteristics of destination countries. It turns out that only some seven percent of all combinations were recorded in each year while more than half of all patterns are only observed once. In line with theoretical hypotheses the likelihood of permanent trade patterns increases within a firm with proximity and market size of destination countries.

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Cite As

Joachim Wagner (2018). Temporary exports and characteristics of destination countries: first evidence from German transaction data. Economics Discussion Papers, No 2018-36, Kiel Institute for the World Economy. http://www.economics-ejournal.org/economics/discussionpapers/2018-36

Comments and Questions

Anonymous - Referee Report 1
May 11, 2018 - 14:29

See attached file

Anonymous - Referee Report 2
June 26, 2018 - 15:44

The paper entitled "Temporary Exports and Characteristics of Destination Countries: First Evidence from German Transaction Data" provides evidence on the temporary nature of exports by German firms. To overcome issues associated with the construction of the custom data, the paper focuses on trade transactions with non EU countries. The pattern ...[more]

... of temporary exports is similar to the one reported in the existing literature. In the case of Germany, similar patterns are reported by Nitsch (2009) although at the imported product levels.
For confidentiality reasons the author(s) is unable to distinguish between products at a highly dis-aggregated level which is unfortunate.
In terms of country of destination characteristics, the paper replicates the findings of Bekes and Murakozy (2012).

While the paper is carefully executed, it provides limited contribution to the existing literature on the topic.

Joachim Wagner - Reply to Referee Report 1
June 27, 2018 - 13:30

See attached file

Joachim Wagner - Reply to Referee Report 2
June 27, 2018 - 13:31

See attached file