We will relaunch Economics with a brandnew look and feel. The site therefore will be offline on Wednesday, March 1, 2017 from 2pm until approx. 4pm UTC+1. Sorry for any inconveniences.

Discussion Paper

No. 2011-44 | October 28, 2011
The Time Evolution of the Social Cost of Carbon: An Application of Fund
(Published in Special Issue The Social Cost of Carbon)


The authors estimate the growth rate of the social cost of carbon. This is an indication of the optimal rate of acceleration of greenhouse gas emission reduction policy over time. The authors find that the social cost of carbon increases by 1.3% to 3.9% per year, with a central estimate of 2.2%. Previous studies found an average rate of 2.3% and a range of 0.9 to 4.1%. The rate of increase of the social carbon depends on a range of factors, including the pure rate of time preference, the rate of risk aversion, equity weighting, the socioeconomic and emission scenarios, the climate sensitivity, dynamic vulnerability, and the curvature of the impact functions.

Paper submitted to the special issue
The Social Cost of Carbon

JEL Classification


Cite As

David Anthoff, Steven Rose, Richard S. J. Tol, and Stephanie Waldhoff (2011). The Time Evolution of the Social Cost of Carbon: An Application of Fund. Economics Discussion Papers, No 2011-44, Kiel Institute for the World Economy. http://www.economics-ejournal.org/economics/discussionpapers/2011-44


Comments and Questions

Anonymous - Referee Report
November 16, 2011 - 09:27

see attached file

Anonymous - Referee Report 2
December 07, 2011 - 14:02

See attached file

Robert E. Kopp - Editor's Report
December 20, 2011 - 16:32

see attached file

Filed under: