Discussion Paper

No. 2011-27 | July 20, 2011
Family Reunification or Point-based Immigration System? The Case of the United States and Mexico

Abstract

While the immigration policy in the United States is mainly oriented to family reunification, in Australia, Canada and the United Kingdom. it is a points-based immigration system which main objective is to attract high skilled immigrants. This paper compares both immigration policies through the transition for the United States and Mexico. I find that: (i) the point system increases the average years of the immigrants by 3.5 years; (ii) the Mexican immigrants suffer a 10% reduction in their effective hours of labor when they move to the United States; (iii) migration reduces inequality, more significantly if the immigration policy is the point system and increases output per capita differences between both countries; (iv) the offspring of the immigrants invest more in human capital than the United States natives; (v) the earnings ratio immigrants to the United States natives is lower under the quota system than under the point system but along the transition it reverses converging at the steady state.

JEL Classification

E20 F22 J61 O11

Cite As

Joel López Real (2011). Family Reunification or Point-based Immigration System? The Case of the United States and Mexico. Economics Discussion Papers, No 2011-27, Kiel Institute for the World Economy. http://www.economics-ejournal.org/economics/discussionpapers/2011-27

Assessment



Comments and Questions


Anonymous - Referee Report 1
August 17, 2011 - 09:53

See attached file


Joel López Real - Author comments
September 13, 2011 - 15:16

Please find in the attached documents my comments and a new copy of the paper without the typos.


Joel López Real - Paper without typos
September 13, 2011 - 15:12

Since I cannot log in as an author I attach here the paper without the typos.


Anonymous - Referee Report 2
October 10, 2011 - 09:12

see attached file


Joel López Real - Reply
October 26, 2011 - 15:25

I would like to say thank you for yours comments. I hope you find satisfactory my answers.