Discussion Paper

No. 2009-24 | April 29, 2009
The Effect of Technological Innovation on International Trade. A Nonlinear Approach

Abstract

This paper focuses on the relationship between technological innovation and international trade. In particular, the effect of technological achievement on exports is studied. In order to measure technological innovation, the technological achievement index (TAI) is used, thus providing a summary of a society’s technological achievements and allowing countries to be classified into four groups according to their level of technological innovation: Leaders, Potential Leaders, Dynamic Adopters and Marginalised. The effect of technological variables on sectoral exports is analysed using a gravity model of trade. The existence of a possible non-linear relationship is also investigated, since the effect of improved technological innovation on trade could vary according to the technological achievement in countries. Results show the expected positive effect of technological innovation on export performance and the existence of non-linearities is confirmed. A “U-shaped” relationship is found between exports and creation of technology and between exports and diffusion of old innovations, whereas an inverted–“U-shaped” relationship is found between exports and diffusion of recent innovations and between exports and human skills.

Paper submitted to the special issue “The Knowledge-Based Society: Transition, Geography, and Competition Policy

JEL Classification

F10

Cite As

Laura Márquez-Ramos and Inmaculada Martínez-Zarzoso (2009). The Effect of Technological Innovation on International Trade. A Nonlinear Approach. Economics Discussion Papers, No 2009-24, Kiel Institute for the World Economy. http://www.economics-ejournal.org/economics/discussionpapers/2009-24

Assessment



Comments and Questions


Anonymous - Referee Report 1
June 11, 2009 - 13:53

See attached file


Laura Marquez-Ramos - RESPONSE TO THE REFEREE
July 08, 2009 - 12:51

I attach the response to the referee.


Laura Marquez-Ramos - Revised paper
July 08, 2009 - 13:09

I attach a revised version of the paper.


Laura Marquez-Ramos - 2nd revision
September 16, 2009 - 20:38

I attach the second revision of the paper.


Laura Marquez-Ramos - 3rd Revision
February 09, 2010 - 11:43

I attach the new version of the paper as well as the response to the Editor


Anonymous - Referee Report
July 17, 2009 - 10:57

see attached file


Laura Marquez-Ramos - RESPONSE TO THE REFEREE
September 16, 2009 - 19:38

I attach the response to the second referee


Anonymous - Comment
September 08, 2009 - 13:56

See attached file