Discussion Paper

No. 2007-45 | September 25, 2007
A Model of an Optimum Currency Area


This paper develops a model of the circumstances under which it is beneficial to participate in a currency area. The proposed two-country monetary model of trade with nominal rigidities encompasses the real and monetary arguments suggested by the optimum currency area literature: correlation of real and monetary shocks, international factor mobility, fiscal adjust­ment, openness, difference in national inflationary biases, and transactions costs. The effect of openness on the net benefits is ambiguous, contrary to the usual argument that more open economies are better candidates for a currency area. Also, prospective member countries do not necessarily agree on whether a given currency union should be created.

Paper submitted to the special issue "Recent Developments in International Money and Finance" edited by Ronald MacDonald

JEL Classification

E42 E52 E61 F02 F31 F33 F36 F4 H77 J61

Cite As

Luca Antonio Ricci (2007). A Model of an Optimum Currency Area. Economics Discussion Papers, No 2007-45, Kiel Institute for the World Economy. http://www.economics-ejournal.org/economics/discussionpapers/2007-45


Comments and Questions

Anonymous - Referee Report
November 21, 2007 - 10:35

See attached file

Anonymous - Referee Report
November 21, 2007 - 10:38

see attached file

Anonymous - Referee Report
November 23, 2007 - 09:41

See attached file

Luca Ricci - Response to Referee Reports
February 08, 2008 - 15:03

Response to Referee Reports