Discussion Paper

No. 2007-18 | April 25, 2007
Vertical Production Networks: Evidence from France


This paper investigates the determinants of intra-firm trade of multinational firms located in France, using data on French companies. Results on the vertical pattern of production networks differ according to the affiliates’ location. Lower wage and transportation costs in the developing countries increase, as expected, the vertical segmentation of production. In the developed countries, lower trade and unit wage costs, and hence, a strong and positive labour productivity matter a lot in explaining French MNCs’ preferences. Among the other variables of interest, partnership and market potential have been given special attention. The results substantiate a mix of vertical and horizontal FDI, mainly when we separate out capital in¬tensive from labour intensive intermediate products.

JEL Classification:

F1, F23, L1



Cite As

Michel Fouquin, Laurence Nayman, and Laurent Wagner (2007). Vertical Production Networks: Evidence from France. Economics Discussion Papers, No 2007-18, Kiel Institute for the World Economy. http://www.economics-ejournal.org/economics/discussionpapers/2007-18

Comments and Questions

Anonymous - Referee Report
July 04, 2007 - 13:59

see attached file

Laurence Nayman - reply to the referee's report
August 17, 2007 - 16:46

Here is our reply. Sorry for the delay. Thank you for your attention.

Anonymous - Associate Editor Report
September 10, 2007 - 15:42

see attached file